Vivah Panchami or Ram Vivah: The day of Vivah Panchami is considered a special day in Hinduism. This day is celebrated annually on the fifth day of Shukra Paksha in the month of Magashish, according to Hindu dates. Panchami is special in Hinduism as it is believed that Lord Rama and Mother Sita were married on this day. That is why ‘Vivah Panchami‘ is also known as ‘Ram Vivah‘.
Vivah Panchami is celebrated like a Hindu festival. The festival is enthusiastically celebrated in the city of Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, India. Vivah Panchami Day is celebrated as the marriage of Sita and Rama at temples and sacred sites associated with Sri Rama in the Mithila region of India and Nepal.
Vivah Panchami 2022 Date and Time
Vivah Panchami Starts: On November 27, 2022, at 04:25 pm
Vivah Panchami Ends: On November 28, 2022, at 01:35 pm
Vivah Panchami Dates
Vivaha Panchami in 2022: 27 November 2022
Vivah Panchami in 2023: 17 December 2023
Vivah Panchami in 2024: 6 December 2024
Vivah Panchami in 2025: 25 November 2025
Vivah Panchami in 2026: 14 December 2026
Vivah Panchami in 2027: 3 December 2027
Reason to Celebrate Vivah Panchami
Wedding anniversary of Lord Sri Rama and Mata Sita.
Vivah Panchami Significance
According to the scriptures, the day of Vivah Panchami is considered an auspicious and holy day. Almost all Ram Sita temple regions in India and Nepal celebrate Vivah Panchami. There is a lot of excitement surrounding it, especially in Ayodhya. Ram Sita’s temples are decorated with lamps and garlands on this day. All the idols of the deities in the temple are beautifully adorned with new clothes and ornaments. Conversations such as marriages are held in the temples of Ram Sita on this day. Ram Vivah Utsav is the common name for this social ceremony.
Marriage is not regarded as fortunate on Vivah Panchami Day
The day of Vivah Panchami is not seen as fortunate in astrology. The day of Vivah Panchami, which is not widely regarded as the ideal day for marriage among regular people, was chosen by Lord Rama and Mother Sita for their wedding. The married life of Lord Rama and Sita was full of troubles and hardships. Therefore, it is believed that marriage on this day can make a person’s married life as painful as that of Ram and Sita.
Important Places to Celebrate Vivah Panchami
Ayodhya, Mithilanchal Region, Shri Ram Temple, Janakpur Nepal, Ram Janki Mandir Nepal, and more.
Vivah Panchami Mantra
Om JankiVallabhay Namah!
Vivah Panchami Vrat Katha or Story
Shri Rama (the seventh incarnation of Shri Vishnu) was born in Treta Yuga to King Dashrath and his first Queen Kaushalya. And Devi Sita (the incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi) was raised by King Janak and his queen Sunaina. Once, when Sita was growing, she lifted Lord Shiva Pinaka Dhanush. This is what Mahadev himself gave to her father. Interestingly, the bow could only be lifted by Lord Parshurama. After seeing little Sita miraculously lift the heavenly bow, King Janak decided to marry her to a prince equal to her divinity. A few years later, King Janak organized Swayamwar for Mata Sita.
Many kings and princes attended the Swayamwar, but Lord Shiva’s Pinaka could not even move by anyone. Interestingly, Sri Rama, who was present at the event along with his guru Vishwamitra and his brother Lakshman, also attended Swayamwar. And not only did he lift the Divine Bow without difficulty, but he also snapped it in two parts while connecting the string. After King Janak saw Sri Rama do the unthinkable, he shone with joy. And Devi Sita, delighted to see Sri Rama’s power, put Varmala around his neck and accepted him as her bridegroom.
Vivah Panchami Puja Vidhi or Ritual
- Avoid Rahu Kaal for Puja. Saturday Rahu Kaal is from 9 am to 10:30 am. Puja can be done before or after Rahu Kaal.
- Take a chowki (wooden stand) and cover it with a fresh yellow or red cloth.
- Place the idol of Shri Rama or Sita respectfully. You can also use images of the Lord and Goddess.
- Turn on the oil/ghee lamp.
- Bring your first prayers to Lord Ganesha so that you can conduct your puja without facing any hurdles. Offer water, flowers, fruits, Akshat, and Durva Grass, and pray to Lord Ganesha for blessings.
- After offering prayers to Lord Ganesha, initiates the wedding of Rama and Devi Sita.
- Offer Shri Rama and Devi Sita Haldi and Kumkum, followed by Red Chunni and Fresh Cloth, Shringar Samagri (Sindor, Bangles, Kajal, Mehendi, Artha, Bindi, and other accessories/jewelry, etc.) to the Devi. Mauli ( sacred thread or fresh yellow cloth) and Janu for the Lord.
- Chant OM Janaki Vallabhaya Namah while performing Gat Bandhan.
- For Gatbandhan you need two pieces of cloth. One is the Goddess’s costume and the other is Sri Rama’s costume.
- Pray for Sri Rama and Devi Sita for a blissful married life.
- Offer Gundam (Perfume), Pushapam (Flower), Deepam (Lamp), Doop (Incense), and edyam (Food).
- Serve Tamboolam consisting of paan, supari, banana, fruit, dakshina, haldi, kumkum, and n coconut, and divide the shell into two equal parts.
- Read Vrat Katha.
- Perform aarti to complete the puja.
Vivah Panchami Speech or Essay in English
Vivaha Panchami is celebrated with great fervor in Ayodhya, the birthplace of Lord Ram. Here, many centuries-old temples are adorned with lights and flowers on this day. A grand wedding procession passes through many temples during the day and ends with the idol wedding of Ram and Sita. Many Hindus from all over India come to witness this wonderful event. Devotional songs and chants from the epic Ramayana are also sung by devotees. Elaborate ceremonies are held in temples with idols of Ram and Sita. Many Mithila people come to Ayodhya in traditional costumes to perform on stage. This great event is called Ram Vivah Utsav. Apart from temple celebrations, many cultural programs and stage shows organized by different communities are also very common on this occasion. In these shows, both male and female Ramayana characters are played by actors. With so many tourists and locals performing various rituals and indulging in celebrations, Ayodhya is very bright and lively.
Vivaha Panchami represents the ancient times of great ties between India and Nepal. The festival of Vivaha Panchami is also very popular in Janakpur, a very historical and spiritual city in Nepal. The Vivaha Panchami festival is a great opportunity to visit Janakpur and observe the culture and traditional values of the place.
The Vivaha Panchami celebration takes place for seven days at the Janaki Temple. The entire temple is decorated and emphasized as a ‘mandap’ during this period. A mandap is a temporarily decorated place where Hindu wedding ceremonies are held. Lord Ram and Sita’s idols and adorned with ornaments and traditional wedding dresses as the bride and groom. Lord Ram and Devi Sita’s sacred wedding ceremony is performed with fervor, after which these idols are worshiped with devotional songs and chants. As part of the sacred festival, many temples serve delicious traditional food to the common people. It is undeniably busy with tourists and Hindus. Janakpur comes to life at this festival.
Vivah Panchami Benefits
- Marriage obstacles are resolved on Vivah Panchami Day.
- Moreover, one is endowed with the most desired satisfaction in life.
- If problems arise in a marriage, they can be resolved by worshiping Lord Rama and Goddess Sita.
Vivah Panchami in Nepal
Built-in 1911, the Janaki Temple is located at Janakpur Dham in the Dhanusa district of central Nepal and is one of Nepal’s unique monuments. This is not only due to the fact that it is the birthplace of the goddess Sita, wife of Lord Ram, one of the most heroic deities in the Hindu pantheon, but also due to its interesting architecture. Although Janakpur Dham was the capital of the ancient Mithila kingdom and was primarily a Hindu kingdom, the Janaki Temple shows many Mughal elements in its architecture. This is a bit strange as no evidence has yet been found that this particular area was dominated by Muslim rule and culture at any point in its history. Requested to be registered as a World Heritage Site.
Near the main temple is the Sita Ram Vivaha Mandir. This small temple was later built on the spot where Ram and Sita made seven circumambulations around the sacred fire to tie the marriage knot. This wedding is one of the most famous weddings for all Hindus, which is why many celebrate the first week of December every year (this year November 28, 2022), a day called Vivaha Panchami celebrated with luxury. The centerpiece of the celebration is of course the Sita Ram Vivaha Mandir at Janakpur Dham, but this historic event is celebrated with equal enthusiasm across the country.
Besides the many ponds in and around Janakpur Dham, there are some particularly sacred ponds. Two of them are Dhanush Sagar and Ganga Sagar near the Janaki Temple. These pools witness the influx of people for the Vivaha Panchami, which begins with a sacred ablution for all devotees. Oh yeah, there are thousands of them and it’s a very impressive sight.
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Frequently Asked Questions about Vivah Panchami (FAQs)
Is it good to get married on Vivah Panchami?
No marriage is good on Vivah Panchami Day.
Why do we celebrate Vivah Panchami?
Vivah Panchami is a Hindu festival that celebrates the marriage of Rama and Sita.
What month should you not get married?
The low season is generally August, September, and October in India. Most couples don’t like to get married in these three months because there are no favorable dates during these months.