Kartika Purnima is a Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism social celebration, celebrated on the Purnima (full moon) day or the fifteenth lunar day of Kartik (November-December) month. It is otherwise called Tripurari Purnima or Deva-Deepawali, the celebration of lights of the divine beings. A similar occasion known as Karthika Deepam is observed on a different day in South India and in Sri Lanka.
Kartik Purnima 2022 Date and Day
Kartik Purnima in 2022 is on Tuesday, November 8.
Kartik Purnima Significance
In Vaishnavism custom, this day is viewed as huge and unique for the love of Radha and Krishna. It is accepted that on this day, Radha Krishna performed Raslila with the Gopis. At Jagannath Sanctuary, Puri, and any remaining Radha Krishna sanctuaries, holy commitment is noticed all through Kartik month, and exhibitions of Raslila are coordinated upon the arrival of Kartik Purnima. As indicated by another legend, Krishna venerated Radha on this day.
‘Tripuri Purnima’ or ‘Tripurari Purnima’ gets its name from Tripurari – the enemy of the evil spirit Tripurasura. In certain legends of Kartik Purnima, the term is utilized to signify the three evil spirit children of Tārakāsura. Tripurari is a sobriquet of God Shiva. Shiva in his structure as Tripurantaka (“Enemy of Tripurasura”) killed Tripurasura on this day. Tripurasura had conquered the entire earth, destroyed the heavenly creatures, and created three cities in space that were collectively referred to as “Tripura.” The killing of the demon(s) and obliteration of his/their urban communities with a solitary bolt – by Shiva excited the divine beings and they pronounced the day as a celebration of enlightenments. This day is additionally called “Dev-Diwali” — the Diwali of the divine beings.
Tulsi and Vishnu
Kartik Purnima is additionally celebrated as the birth commemoration of Matsya, God Vishnu’s fish-manifestation (symbol) and Vrinda, the representation of the Tulsi.
In southern India, Kartik Purnima is additionally celebrated as the birthday of Lord Kartikeya, the lord of war and son of Shiva. This day is additionally dedicated to the PIRRS, the dead precursors.
In Sikhism, Kartik Purnima is celebrated as the birthday of well-known Sikh preceptor Guru Nanak.
Underhill accepts that the beginnings of this celebration might lie in ancient times, when a penance called Shakamedhah was performed to accomplish triumph over foes.
The celebration has considerably more importance when the day falls in the Nakshatra (lunar manor) Krittika and is then called Maha Kartik. The nakshatra is Bharani, the outcomes are expressed to be extraordinary. On the off chance that it is Rohini nakshatra, the productive outcomes are considerably more. Any charitable follow up on this day should bring advantages and favors equivalent to the performing of ten yajnas.
Kartik Purnima in Hinduism
Kartik Purnima is firmly connected with Prabodhini Ekadashi, which denotes the end of Chaturmas, a four-month time span when Vishnu is accepted to rest. Prabodhini Ekadashi implies the enlivening of the god. Chaturmas atonement closes on this day. Many fairs that start on Prabodhini Ekadashi end on Kartik Purnima, Kartik Purnima as a rule being the main day of the fair. Fairs that close on this day incorporate Prabodhini Ekadashi festivities at Pandharpur and Pushkar Fair. Kartik Purnima is additionally the last day to perform the Tulsi Vivah function that can be performed from Prabodhini Ekadashi.
Additionally, it is trusted that Vishnu, on this day, gets back to his house in the wake of finishing his visit in Bali. Consequently, the day is known as Deva-Diwali.
In Pushkar, Rajasthan, the Pushkar Fair, or Pushkar Mela, starts on Prabodhini Ekadashi and goes on until Kartik Purnima, the last option being the most significant. This fair is held to pay tribute to God Brahma, whose sanctuary remains at Pushkar. A customary shower on Kartik Purnima in the Pushkar Lake is considered to lead one to salvation. It is thought that revolving around the three Pushkars on Kartik Purnima is exceptionally commendable. Sadhus accumulate here and remain in caves from Ekadashi to the full moon. Around 200,000 individuals and 25,000 camels gather in Pushkar for the fair. Pushkar Fair is Asia’s biggest camel fair.
A custom shower at a tirtha (a sacrosanct water body like a lake or stream) at a pilgrimage place is endorsed on Kartik Purnima. This blessed shower is known as “Kartik snana.” A sacred shower at Pushkar or in the Ganges stream, particularly at Varanasi, is considered generally propitious. Kartik Purnima is the most well-known day for washing in the Ganges at Varanasi. The lovers likewise clean up at night during moonrise and offer love via six petitions, for example, Shiva sambuti, Satait, etc.
Annakuta, a contribution of food to the divinities, is held in temples. Individuals who have taken promises on Ashvin’s full moon day should end them on Kartik Purnima. God Vishnu is likewise adored on this day. Any type of viciousness (hinsa or himsa) is disallowed on this day. This incorporates shaving, haircutting, trimming of trees, culling of leafy foods, trimming of harvests, and even bad association. Noble causes, particularly the gift of cows, taking care of Brahmins, and fasting are strict exercises endorsed for Kartik Purnima. Giving individuals an endowment of gold is said to satisfy all their cravings.
Tripuri Purnima is simply close to Maha Shivaratri, among celebrations committed to Shiva’s love. To remember the killing of Tripurasura, pictures of Shiva are carried in a parade. Sanctuary buildings in southern India are illuminated over the course of the evening. Deepmalas or pinnacles of lights are enlightened in sanctuaries. Individuals place 360 or 720 wicks in sanctuaries to circumvent arriving at damnation after death. The 720 wicks represent the 360 days and evenings of the Hindu schedule. In Varanasi, the ghats wake up with a huge number of diyas (splendidly lit earthen lamps). Individuals gift lights to clerics. The lights are kept on over the course of the night in houses and Shiva sanctuaries. This day is otherwise called “Kartik Diparatna”—the gem of lights in Kartik. Lights are additionally drifted in smaller than expected boats in streams. Lights are put under the tulsi, consecrated fig, and amla trees. The lights in the water and under trees are accepted to help fish, bugs, and birds who saw the light achieve salvation.
In Telugu families of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karthika Maasalu (month) is thought of as exceptionally propitious. The Kartika month begins the day of Deepawali. From that day till the month’s end, oil lights are lit consistently. On Karthika Pournami (full moon of Kartheeka month) oil light with 365 wicks, ready at home, are lit in God Shiva sanctuaries. Aside from that, Kartika Puranam is perused, and fasting is seen till nightfall, consistently for the entire month. Swaminarayan Sampraday likewise praises this day with confidence and intensity.
Individuals in Odisha observe Kartik Purnima by setting small scale boitas (boats) produced using banana stems above water to recollect the authentic meaning of the day.
In Odisha, on Kartik Purnima, individuals observe Boita Handkerchief (Odia: boita banda), in memory of antiquated sea exchanges through Kalinga, by heading for the closest water body to set sail above water in smaller than normal boats, initially made from banana stem and coconut stick and lit with Deepak (lights), texture, and betel leaves. Boita represents boat or boat. The celebration is a mass recognition of the state’s brilliant sea history when it was known as Kalinga and merchants and sailors known as sadhabas went on boitas to exchange with far off island countries that offer lines with the Straight of Bengal, like Indonesia, Java, Sumatra, and Bali.
During Kartik Month the whole Hindu populace of Odisha turns out to be rigorously vegan. They notice the month with promising traditions, going on till the customary function of Panchuka which falls on the most recent five days of the month. The Kartika month closes on Kartika Purnima. The day after Kartika Purnima is called Chhada Khai when the non-veggie lover individuals can again begin their typical eating routine. Coincidentally, the most captivating piece of Kartika Purnima in Odisha is the festival of notable Boita Handkerchief to celebrate the Bali Jatra started by old Kalinga dealers and related armada to do exchange far Southeast Asia like Bali, Indonesia and so forth.
In Tamil Nadu, Karthika Deepam is praised where the Purnima relates to the Krittika nakshatra. Individuals have lit columns of lights on their overhangs. In Tiruvannamalai, a ten-day annual celebration is held to observe Karthika Deepam.
Kartik Purnima in Jainism
Kartik Purnima is a significant fast day for Jains, who celebrate it by visiting Palitana, a Jain pilgrimage community. Huge numbers of Jain travelers rush to the lower regions of the Shatrunjay slopes of Palitana taluka upon the arrival of Kartik Purnima to embrace the favorable yatra (venture). Otherwise called the Shri Shantrunjay Teerth Yatra, this walk is a significant strict occasion in the existence of a Jain enthusiast, who covers 216 km of harsh rocky landscape by walking to revere at the Ruler Adinath sanctuary on the slope.
Viewed as an extremely favorable day for Jains, the day likewise expects more importance for the stroll, as the slopes, which are closed to people in general during the four months of Chaturmas, are opened up for the fans on Kartik Purnima. The day of Kartik Purnima is exceptionally critical in Jainism. As fans avoid loving their ruler for quite some time during the rainstorm season, the main day draws in the most extreme number of aficionados. The Jains accept that Adinath, the first tirthankara, purified the slopes by visiting them to convey his most memorable message. As per Jain texts, a great many sadhus and sadhvis have accomplished salvation on these slopes.
Kartik Purnima in Sikhism
Kartik Purnima is commended as Gurupurab or Prakash Parva of Sri Guru Nanak Dev, the primary Guru of the Sikhs. Bhai Gurdas, Sikh Theologist inside his Kabitt has affirmed that Guru Nanak was brought into the world on this day. This, it is referred to overall as Guru Nanak Jayanti and is likewise a public occasion in India.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
For what reason is Kartik Purnima celebrated?
Kartik Purnima, is also called as Tripurari Purnima or Deva-Deepawali, observes Ruler Shiva’s triumph over the evil spirit, Tripurasura. The celebration is likewise celebrated out of appreciation for Ruler Vishnu, as on this day, he embodied as Matsya (fish-manifestation), his absolute first avatar.
What is the meaning of Kartik Purnima?
Kartik Purnima is a celebration that is commended by Hindus, Sikhs, and Jains on the full moon (Purnima day) or the fifteenth lunar day of the Kartik period (November–December). This is the holiest month of the year for the celebrants.
Which celebration is commended on Kartik Purnima?
Guru Nanak Prakash Utsav or Guru Nanak Jayanti is also celebrated on Kartik Purnima.
Who was brought into the world on Kartik Purnima?
The pioneer behind Sikhism, Guru Nanak, was brought into the world upon the arrival of Kartik Purnima in 1469 AD, and the day is commended as Gurpurab by Sikhs.
Is Kartika month important?
Kartika (or Kartik) month, or Kartik maas, is viewed as the holiest month. This month is exceptionally dear to the devotees of Krishna since Krishna is extremely dear.