Guru Nanak Jayanti or Gurpurab

Guru Nanak Jayanti or Gurpurab

Guru Nanak Jayanti or Gurpurab 2022: 8 November 2022, Tuesday

About Guru Nanak Jayanti or Gurpurab: Guru Nanak Dev Ji Gurpurab, also known as Guru Nanak’s Prakash Utsav, commemorates the birth of the earliest Sikh guru, Guru Nanak (Punjabi: (Gurmukhi)). Guru Nanak Dev, the creator of Sikhism and among the most well-known Sikh gurus, is highly regarded in the Sikh community. One of Sikhism’s most valued celebrations is this one. The anniversaries of the 10 Sikh Gurus are the major focus of the celebrations in the Sikh faith. The Sikhs religious perspectives were shaped by these Gurus. The Sikhs observe Gurpurab, their birthdays, as times for prayer and rejoicing.

As per the Vikram Samvat calendar, Guru Nanak, the originator of Sikhism, was born in Rai-Bhoi-di Talwandi, which is now known as Nankana Sahib, Pakistan, on Puranmashi of Kattak in 1469. In India, it is a gazetted holiday. Guru Nanak is said to have been born on the Full Moon (Pooranmashi) of the Indian lunar period Kartik, according to the contentious Bhai Bala Janamsakhi. This is why the Sikhs always celebrates Guru Nanak’s Gurpurab in November, and it has been embedded in Sikh tradition.

According to the actual Nanakshahi Calendar adopted by Sri Akal Takht in 2003, Vaisakhi, that comes on 14 April, is when some academics and groups consider the Birthday should be commemorated. Many individuals and groups prefer to observe the customary date, which is the Full Moon Day (Pooranmashi or Purnima) of the lunar period Kartik. Due to requests from many Sikh Saints, the traditional Nanakshahi Calendar upholds the custom and commemorates it on Kartik Purnima.

According to Guru Nanak Dev, anyone can have a spiritual connection to God if they worship with integrity. The Guru Granth Sahib includes his teachings.

In general, Sikhs rejoice in the same manner; the melodies are the only variation. Prabhat Pheris usually kicks off the festivities. Prabhat Pheris  are hymn-sung early-morning processions that leave from Gurudwaras and circle the neighbourhood. Akhand Path, a continuous forty-eight-hour reading of the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikhs sacred book, is usually placed in the Gurdwaras 2 days before the festival.

Known as Nagarkirtan, a parade is planned the day before the b’day. This parade is under the direction of the Panj Pyaras (5 Beloved Ones). They lead the parade while holding the Nishan Sahib and Palki (Palanquin) of the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh flag. Teams of singers performing hymns and followers singing the chorus follow them. Brass bands play a wide range of music, while “Gatka” teams perform mock fights and show off their swordplay through a mixture of martial arts while using traditional weapons. The town’s streets are overrun by the procession. For this important event, the pathway is adorned with posters, and the gates are adorned with flags and flowers. disseminating Guru Nanak’s message through the elders.

On the day of Gurpurab, the celebration gets under way between four and five a.m. This time of day is referred to as Amrit Vela.When the day starts, Asaa-Ki-Vaar is sung (morning hymns).

Any blend of Kirtan (worship from the Sikh teachings) and Katha (explication of the scriptures) are then performed in honour of the Guru. The Langar, a special community meal that is organised at the Gurudwaras by devotees, comes next. Everyone should be served with food in the sense of seva (service) and devotion, regardless of gender, caste, class, or religion, according to the ideology behind the free community meal (devotion).

Some Gurudwaras also have night prayer sessions, which start with the recitation of Rehras (evening prayers) at sunset and continue with Kirtan till late at night. Approximately 1:20 in the morning, the assembly begins chanting Gurbani, which commemorates Guru Nanak’s real birth time. The celebration comes to an end about two in the morning. One of the most significant occasions in the Sikh calendar, Guru Nanak Gurpurab is observed by the Sikh community throughout the world. Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, as well as numerous other locations, along with some parts of Pakistan and England, are especially colorful during the festivity. Some Sindhis also celebrate this occasion.

In the following locations, Guru Nanak Jayanti is observed as a public holiday:

Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal are among the other states.


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Why do people celebrate Guru Nanak Jayanti?

The Sikh founder, Guru Nanak Dev, was born on this day, and it is celebrated as Guru Nanak Jayanti every year.

Who is the Sikh God?

The most popular name for God among Sikhs is Waheguru, which refers to as “wonderful enlightener.” The only God, according to Sikhs, is the one who made everything. They think that Waheguru must constantly be present within the mind.

Who founded the Sikh religion?

Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Is Guru Nanak Jayanti celebrated as a national holiday?

India celebrates Guru Nanak Jayanti as a public holiday.

Where is the grave of Guru Nanak?

Darbar Sahib Gurdwara Kartarpur, commonly known as Kartarpur Sahib, is a gurdwara in the Punjab region of Pakistan’s Shakargarh, Narowal District.

When did Guru Nanak Ji pass away?

September 22, 1539

Who is Guru Nanak’s mentor?

Pandit Gopal

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