Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti: The great Indian monarch Shivaji’s birth is commemorated on Chhatrapati Shivaji Jayanti. Every year, it is observed on February 19th. The personification of grandeur, chivalry, benevolence, and charity was Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule established the Shiv Jayanti holiday in Pune in 1870. It’s the Maratha emperor’s 392nd birthday today. On Shivaji Jayanti or Shiv Jayanti, people celebrate with great courage and pride, organising lengthy parades in addition to other fun activities.
One of India’s bravest and wisest kings, Chhatrapati Shivaji Jayanti was a good mortal who always revered followers of all religions. He never fought against religions; he always engaged the ruling class.
In Mumbai, Maharashtra, the Maharashtrians (people from Maharashtra) primarily celebrate this holiday. Every Maharashtrian observes this day as a public holiday. This event, which honours the valiant king with pride and honour, is observed with great fervour and excitement. Within the Mumbai area, a great deal of cultural events are being held, and people are dancing and singing with great enthusiasm. However, this year there will be unquestionable limits and people are needed to abide by particular laws because to the ongoing Covid-19 outbreak.
Due to the epidemic, there won’t be any public gatherings or festivities this year.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti 2023 Date, Time, and Names
- Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti Date (As per English calendar): 19th February 2023
- Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti Date (as per Hindu calendar): 10th March 2023
- Tritya Tithi Begins: 08:54 PM on Mar 09, 2023
- Tritya Tithi Ends: 09:42 PM on Mar 10, 2023
- Official Name: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti
- Other Names: (Chhatrapati) Shiv Jayanti, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj birth anniversary
History of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
The Shivaji Jayanti event was first instituted in 1870 by Mahatma Jyotirao Phule. He was the one who initially built the tomb of Shivaji Maharaj in Raigad. This festival’s origins were originally discovered in Pune.
The anniversary was spearheaded by the famous independence fighter Bal Gangadhar Tilak, who was also responsible for highlighting King Shivaji’s much-loved contribution and inspiring the populace by enhancing his image.
When he took control of the forts of Torna, Raigad, and Kondana at the age of 17, Shivaji established the Maratha Empire. When he was 44 years old, his coronation as the Maratha emperor was performed in Raigad. There were 50,000 people there. Throughout his reign, he encouraged the use of Marathi and Sanskrit at court. He was a skilled general who, throughout his rule, managed politics with intelligence and tact. He had four wives and eight children. At the age of 50, he later passed away in 1680 from a fever and an infectious ailment.
Meaning of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
This day is observed as a public holiday in Mumbai, Maharashtra, and is marked with a lot of splendour and excitement. On this day, one can see the Marathas’ rich and diverse cultural heritage. On the day of memory for the courageous king Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the people honour his enormous contributions by planning numerous cultural events and taking part in them. His birth date is significant because it serves as a reminder of the great king’s vital contribution to the establishment of the Maratha Realm and the advancement of Maratha Culture. Shivaji Maharaj was crowned the Chhatrapati in Raigad in 1674.
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Some Important Facts about Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
On the occasion of his 392nd birthday, the following lesser known yet crucial facts about Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj are provided:
- When all the other Indian kingdoms were clinging to their spiritual and religious convictions, Shivaji was a secular leader.
- Shiv Sena observes “Shivaji Jayanti” on Falgun Vadya Tritiya, according to the “tithi,” as prescribed.
- Shivaji’s name was not derived from Lord Shiva but from a local deity known as Shivai.
- Instead of a Hindu empire, his goal was to drive out the Mughals and establish a Maratha dominion. Not religious leaders, but those who posed a threat to his realm were the ones he attacked.
- The main fort that the 16-year-old Shivaji Maharaj conquered was “Torna” (Tornagad) or “Prachandgad.” Shivaji built a powerful navy and is regarded as the founder of the Indian Navy.
- Shivaji asked Aurangzeb for help in capturing Bijapur, but when two officers assaulted the Mughal territory nearby Ahmednagar, Bijapur was not taken.
- Shivaji Maharaj, in contrast to several other kings, saw to it that the women of the conquered lands were protected.
- Shivaji was the only Hindu king to object when Aurangzeb imposed the Jizya tax on Hindus.
- Shivaji was successful in fleeing the Panhala Fort’s siege. When Siddi Johar’s army surrounded Shivaji Maharaj in Panhala Fort, he came up with a plan to escape.
- Shivaji Maharaj was kind and welcomed any member of his army who bowed out. He was incredibly kind and never broke into anyone’s home or non-secular establishments.
- Maharashtrians celebrate Chhatrapati Shivaji Jayanti with pride and awe. Goa and Karnataka also celebrate the occasion.
Amazing Quotes about Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
- Never budge your head; keep it held high.
- No need to learn from mistakes made by yourself. We can gain a lot from the errors of others.
- Everyone has the right to experience freedom, which is a blessing.
- Don’t perceive the opponent as weak, and don’t let fear cause you to perceive yourself as strong.
- The mountain also seems like a clay mound when you’re passionate.
- The greatest privilege enjoyed by women is motherhood.
- It is willpower that builds a government, even if every person had a weapon in their hands.
- It is willpower that creates a government, even if everyone had a sword in their hands.
- Strength comes from self-assurance, and knowledge comes from power. Understanding creates stability, and stability results in success.
- A daring and brave guy will also bow for the benefit of the wise and knowledgeable. Because wisdom and knowledge are both sources of courage.
- With your conviction, tenacity, and enthusiasm, you can overcome even the toughest adversaries.
- Country First. Your Guru, your parents, and then your God come next. Thus, you should never put yourself before the country.
- Later, a single step toward your modest goal allows you to accomplish larger ones.
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Frequently Asked Questions about Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
How do you define Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj?
As a natural leader who battled valiantly even as a child, Shivaji Maharaj is remembered today. He was well versed in both political theory and military strategy. He created the Maratha Empire by establishing an enclave from the waning Adishahi sultanate when the political situation in Bijapur was disintegrating. In 1674, he was given the title of Chhatrapati. Emperor is called a chatrapati.
He was a wise and creative leader who emphasised the value of employing Marathi and Sanskrit in the court rather than Persian. He had what it took to triumph in important wars, and he did. Bravery, geographic awareness, civil administration skills, and superior military tactics were among the attributes. He won multiple battles against the Mughals thanks in large part to these qualities.
He is revered for being the first to think of establishing a naval force, as well. He built forts and a navy along the shore to protect Maharashtra’s Konkan side. As a result, he is referred to as the father of the Indian Navy.
People honour him for his courage, his ability to inspire future generations, and his keen understanding of political and military strategy. In Mumbai, a 210-meter-high statue honours him.
Why do people celebrate Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti?
In his time, Shivaji Maharaj excelled as a leader. He established the Maratha Empire and promoted Marathi and Sanskrit in his court. It is Shivaji Maharaj’s fault that long-forgotten Hindu political customs and judicial practises have been revived. He inspired people in the kingdom to be bold since he was unafraid of the British. He gained the trust of the populace by acting as a progressive, responsible, and pragmatic leader. His understanding of military strategy enabled him to defeat the Mughals in a number of battles. He became well-liked by the people due to his courage and dedication. As a result, his birthday is still observed with fanfare and ceremony even after 393 years. Shiv Jayanti is a day set aside to honour and praise history’s most courageous leader.
Why are there 2 dates for Shiv Jayanti?
The anniversary of Shivaji Maharaj is commemorated twice a year, once on February 19 and again according to the Marathi calendar.
How did Shivaji Maharaj come to be known as Chhatrapati?
Emperors are referred to as “Chhatrapati,” a royal title that also signifies “protector of the people.” After claiming to be the sole ruler of Maharashtra, Shivaji Maharaj received this title.
Why does Maharashtra celebrate Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti more?
The Maratha kingdom was founded by Chhatrapati Shivaji, who was born at Pune’s Shivneri fort. Thus, he has great popularity in Maharashtra.
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